Due to its location below ground, your basement is at an increased risk of suffering from moisture and water damage during the rainy season. These types of damage can be expensive to fix, and can cause other problems like mold growth and structural issues which can be even more complicated to fix. In order to proactively prevent any of these issues from occurring, there are a couple of steps that you should take to help protect your basement from any sort of water exposure.
Improve Roof Drainage
Though it's on the opposite end of your house, your roof's drainage system works to move water away from the base of your home. A clogged gutter system, damage to your downspouts or gutters, or downspouts that are not properly installed and thus do not carry water far enough away from your home: these can all cause water to drain into the soil too close to the side of your house, which can create water damage and foundation problems. Proper maintenance can help ensure that your gutters stay clear, as can the installation of gutter screens and longer downspouts.
Repair Foundation Cracks and Apply Sealant
You should inspect the exposed walls of your basement for any signs of physical damage. Open cracks in the concrete can allow water to seep into your home, and can even cause flooding if serious enough. Fortunately, you can patch these walls up with concrete patch kits, or fill individual cracks – keep in mind, however, that professional repair will always be more reliable than anything you can accomplish yourself. Furthermore, even if there are no signs of physical damage to exposed concrete walls, you can still apply a concrete sealant that will prevent moisture from seeping through or condensing on your walls. These sealants are available at most hardware stores, and can be applied much in the same way that paint is applied to a wall. You can also reach out to local contractors for more information on basement waterproofing.
Install Sump Pumps and Dehumidifiers
Finally, the last line of defense against water and moisture damage within your home is the installation of specialized appliances that are designed to remove water. Dehumidifiers can reduce the level of ambient humidity in the air, preventing condensation and moisture damage, while sump pumps are installed in a reservoir within your basement and will remove rising groundwater that can occur during periods of heavy rainfall, preventing basement flooding and more serious forms of water damage which may result.